1 an attack by dropping bombs [syn: bombardment]
2 the use of bombs for sabotage; a tactic frequently used by terrorists
action of dropping bombs from the air
- German: Bombardierung
action of placing and detonating bombs
- present participle of bomb
The first air-dropped bombs were used by the Austrians in the 1849 siege of Venice. Two hundred unmanned balloons carried small bombs, few bombs actually hit Venice.
The first bombing from a fixed wing aircraft was in 1911 by the Italians against Arabs in what is now Libya. The bombs were dropped by hand. Today large bombers usually have an internal bomb bay while fighter bombers usually carry bombs externally on pylons or bomb racks, or on multiple ejection racks which enable mounting several bombs on a single pylon. Modern bombs, precision-guided munitions, may be guided after they leave an aircraft by remote control, or by autonomous guidance. When bombs such as nuclear weapons are mounted on a powered platform, they are called guided missiles.
Some bombs are equipped with a parachute, such as the World War II "parafrag", which was an 11 kg fragmentation bomb, the Vietnam-era daisy cutters, and the bomblets of some modern cluster bombs. Parachutes slow the bomb's descent, giving the dropping aircraft time to get to a safe distance from the explosion. This is especially important with airburst nuclear weapons, and in situations where the aircraft releases a bomb at low altitude.
A hand grenade is delivered by being thrown. Grenades can also be projected by other means using a grenade launcher, such as being launched from the muzzle of a rifle using the M203 or the GP-30 or by attaching a rocket to the explosive grenade as in a rocket propelled grenade (RPG).
A bomb may also be positioned in advance and concealed.
A bomb destroying a rail track just before a train arrives causes a train to derail. Apart from the damage to vehicles and people, a bomb exploding in a transport network often also damages, and is sometimes mainly intended to damage that network. This applies for railways, bridges, runways, and ports, and to a lesser extent, depending on circumstances, to roads.
In the case of suicide bombing the bomb is often carried by the attacker on his or her body, or in a vehicle driven to the target.
The Blue Peacock nuclear mines, which were also termed "bombs", were planned to be positioned during wartime and be constructed such that, if they were disturbed, they would explode within ten seconds.
The explosion of a bomb may be triggered by a detonator or a fuse. Detonators are triggered by clocks, remote controls like cell phones or some kind of sensor, such as pressure (altitude), radar, vibration or contact. Detonators vary in ways they work, they can be electrical, fire fuze or blast initiated detonators and others..
bombing in Arabic: قنبلة
bombing in Catalan: Bomba (arma)
bombing in Czech: Bomba
bombing in Danish: Bombe
bombing in German: Bombe
bombing in Modern Greek (1453-): Βόμβα
bombing in Spanish: Bomba (explosivo)
bombing in Esperanto: Bombo
bombing in Persian: بمب
bombing in French: Bombe (militaire)
bombing in Korean: 폭탄
bombing in Croatian: Bomba
bombing in Indonesian: Bom
bombing in Italian: Bomba (ordigno)
bombing in Hebrew: מטען חבלה
bombing in Georgian: ბომბი
bombing in Lithuanian: Bomba
bombing in Hungarian: Bomba
bombing in Dutch: Bom (wapen)
bombing in Japanese: 爆弾
bombing in Norwegian: Bombe
bombing in Polish: Bomba
bombing in Portuguese: Bomba
bombing in Russian: Бомба
bombing in Simple English: Bomb
bombing in Finnish: Pommi
bombing in Swedish: Bomb
bombing in Thai: ระเบิด
bombing in Vietnamese: Bom
bombing in Turkish: Bomba
bombing in Ukrainian: Бомба
bombing in Yiddish: באמבע
bombing in Chinese: 炸弹
air cover, air raid, air support, area bombing, blitz, carpet bombing, cover, dive-bombing, dry run, high-altitude bombing, low-altitude bombing, milk run, mission, precision bombing, reconnaissance, reconnaissance mission, saturation bombing, scramble, shuttle bombing, shuttle raid, skip-bombing, sortie, strafing, strategic bombing, tactical bombing, training mission, umbrella